Paul Young: "Oxygen Therapy in the ICU"
Provision of invasive mechanical ventilation is required for most critically ill patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Delivery of supplemental oxygen to ICU patients receiving mechanical ventilation often exposes them to a high fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) and higher than normal arterial oxygen partial pressure (PaO2). Humans are adapted to breathe air and it is plausible exposure to higher amounts of oxygen, either PaO2, FIO2, or both, might be harmful. Despite this, the optimal oxygen regimen in critically ill patients remains uncertain. This talk will focus on existing evidence around oxygen therapy mechanically ventilated ICU patients and on the design of the Mega-ROX trial, 40000 patient RCT comparing conservative oxygen therapy and liberal oxygen therapy, which has recently begun enrolling patients.
Duration: 57 min